Have You Done Your Research?

Today, the world is at our fingertips. We have a question, we type it in the search field and BAM - we get pages upon pages of possible answers. When it comes to packaging questions, you can get lost in an ocean of possible answers from a spectrum of sources.

The first thing to know is that there are 2 types of research: Primary and Secondary

Primary research is done by you or a hired researching firm.

Secondary research is information that is used from previously conducted studies. These results are usually found through the internet and databases and then applied to your own study.

The downside is that this information may not apply directly to your company and the information may not be as helpful as conducting it on your own.

There are two types of data that can be collected when conducting research studies: Qualitative and Quantitative

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Qualitative data is collected in the following ways.

Focus Groups are used to:

  • Provide exploration and guidance to the
    development process

  • To understand the story behind the numbers from quantitative studies

  • Explore issues to form hypotheses when none exist

  • Provide input about issues that should be measured
    using quantitative research

  • Do NOT give definitive answers

Interviews are:

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  • One-on-one interviews that last
    60-90 minutes

  • Conducted by professional
    moderator who explains interview
    process and reveals the presence
    of observers behind one-way mirror
    and reassures participant that
    observers are harmless

  • Provides great detail with
    approximately 10 times as much information per respondent
    compared to focus group

Ethnography

  • Consumers can be observed shopping, reading labels, and interacting with the package—with minimal bias and distortion.

  • During a depth interview, the moderator is also employing ethnographic techniques; that is, the moderator is carefully watching the body language, facial expressions, and movements of the respondent.

Quantitative Data is collected using the two following methods.

Field Study

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  • Field experiments take place in real
    life settings  

  • Record how people react in the environment

  • Eye tracking is an example of a
    field experiment

    • Can measure where people are looking

    • How many times someone preferred one brand over the other

  • These experiments are useful for the fact
    that they put the consumer in the most realistic setting

Lab Experiments

  • Lab experiments can be conducted to test how a package would react in different environments.

  • Testing can be done to find the fail point of a package.

  • This determines what dunnage is used and if the current design holds up to expectations.

  • Some common tests are:

    • Drop tests

    • ECT tests

    • Crush test

Another great resource for your research is PackagingSchool.com. Enroll in Packaging Design Workflow for more great packaging research tips!